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Pengertian Simple Present Tense

Secara arti, simple adalah sederhana, sedangkan present, artinya sekarang. Secara sederhana, simple present tense dapat diartikan sebagai bentuk kata kerja yang paling sederhana jika dibandingkan jenis tense lainnya.

Kata Kerja dalam simple present tense digunakan untuk:

  • Menyatakan kegiatan sehari-hari, contoh: Ana goes to school every day (Ana pergi ke sekolah setiap hari)
  • Menyatakan fakta, contoh: The Fire is hot (Api itu panas)
  • Menyatakan permintaan atau perintah, contoh: Go to your bed, son! (Tidurlah, Nak)

Rumus Simple Present Tense

Simple present tense terdiri dari nominal dan verbal. Berikut pola/rumus yang digunakan untuk membentuk kalimat simple present tense.

Rumus Nominal Simple Present

(+) Subject + to be (am /is /are) + adjective/adverb

(-) Subject + to be (am /is /are) + not + adverb

(?) To be (am /is /are) + S + adjective/adverb?

Contoh Kalimat Nominal Simple Present:

Berikut contoh kalimat nominal simple present. Untuk bentuk positive ditandai dengan (+), negative (-) dan interogative (?)

(+) He is very Handsome

(-) He is not/isn’t very handsome

(?) Is he handsome?

 

(+) My Daughter is seven years old.

(-) My Daughter is not seven years old.

(?) Is My Daughter seven years old?

 

(+) They are students in Junior high school.

(-) They are not students in junior high school.

(?) Are they students in junior high school

 

(+) Kirana is my neighbour.

(-) Kirana is not my neighbour.

(?) Is Kirana my neighbour?

 

(+) You are a singer

(-) You are a not singer

(?) Are you a singer?

 

(+) I am happy

(-) I am not happy

(?) Am I happy?

Rumus Verbal Simple Present

(+) S + verb 1 (+ s/es) + O

(-) S + do/doesn’t + V 1 + O

(?) Does/Do+ S + V 1 + O

Contoh Kalimat Verbal Simple Present:

(+) Ana goes to school

(-) Ana doesn’t go to school

(?) Does Ana go to school?

 

(+) The bus leaves at 015 a.m.

(-) The bus does not leave at 06.15 a.m.

(-) Does the bus leave at 06.15 a.m?

 

(+) They want to go to market.

(-) They don’t want to go to the market.

(?) Do they want to go to the market?

 

(+) I likes sandwich

(-) I don’t like sanwich

(?) Do i like sandwich?

 

(+) It run faster.

(-) It doesn’t run faster

(?) Does it run faster?

 

(+) You speak English.

(-) You don’t speak English

(?) Do you speak English?

Note:  Jawaban dari kalimat tanya bisa  Yes, I do atau No, I don’t.

Does not oleh disingkat menjadi doesn’t.

Simple present tense dengan tobe are/am/is (disebut kalimat nominal).